Изжога у беременных

izzhogaИзжога у беременных возникает в результате естественных изменений, которые происходят в организме будущей мамы. За сохранение беременности отвечает гормон прогестерон, он же расслабляет гладкую мускулатуру и мускулы желудочно-кишечного тракта.

     Приступы изжоги

Сфинктер-мышца, которая находится в месте перехода пищевода в желудок, во время беременности понижается её тонус, что может привести к обратному забросу кислого содержимого желудка обратно в пищевод. Слизистая пищевода не привычна к воздействию кислоты и не защищена от неё, как стенки желудка, поэтому такой ожог доставляет болезненные ощущения. С увеличением срока беременности повышается и внутрибрюшное давление, оно передаётся и на желудок, что приводит к более частым приступам изжоги.

   Факторы, усиливающие или способствующие возникновения изжоги:

• принятие препаратов — спазмолитиков, которые дополнительно расслабляют мускулатуру внутренних органов. Обо всех лекарствах, которые вы принимаете, сообщаете вашему лечащему врачу.
• ношение обтягивающих вещей может спровоцировать изжогу. Старайтесь меньше наклоняться, лучше просто приседайте. После еды как минимум полчаса не ложитесь.
• употребление в пищу продуктов, усиливающих выброс кислоты в желудок, например, кофе, газированные напитки, острые блюда и специи, кислые овощи, фрукты и ягоды, кисломолочная продукция (кроме сыра)
• слишком плотный ужин перед сном

Предотвратить снижение тонуса  гладкой мускулатуры мы не можем. Что же делать? Лекарства от изжоги при беременности может назначить только врач, т.к. все антацидные средства при неправильном применении могут вызвать повышение кислотности желудочного сока. Однако существуют и народные (немедикаментозные) способы борьбы с изжогой.

Следует придерживаться следующих правил и приступы изжоги будут гораздо реже и менее болезненны:
1. Старайтесь не голодать, но и не переедать, держитесь золотой середины. Лучше есть чаще, но небольшими порциями
2. Старайтесь не есть на ночь.
3. Старайтесь не употреблять газированные напитки,  которые из-за содержания газа ведут к повышению изжоги
4. Полностью откажитесь от сигарет и кофе, они наносят вред развитию малыша и доставляют вам ещё больше неудобств
5. Тщательно пережёвывайте пищу, измельченная пища быстрее переваривается, таким образом время пребывания её в желудке намного меньше, а значит и возможность появления изжоги меньше.

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